Alabama Forest Facts

  • Alabama forests generate over $21 billion in timber production & processing revenue. (source-aces)
  • Alabama forests provide over 122,000 jobs in timber production & processing. (source-aces)
  • There are 23 million acres of timberland in Alabama, accounting for 69% of the total land area in the state.
  • Alabama has the third most timberland acreage in the 48 contiguous states, behind only Georgia and Oregon. As far as private timberland acreage is concerned, Alabama ranks second behind Georgia.
  • Of timberland acreage, 87% is owned by non-industrial private landowners.
  • The single most prevalent forest type is “loblolly pine” which occupies 8.5 million acres.
  • The most prevalent hardwood forest type is the “mixed upland” of which there are 2.5 million acres. Ranking second is the “white oak/red oak/hickory” forest type which comprises 1.55 million acres.
  • Approximately 31% of Alabama’s timberland is comprised of pine plantations.
Alabama Forest Type
  • Although Alabama has a robust forest industry, more timber is being grown than is being harvested. According to 2014 FIA data, the timber “growth-to-removals” ratio for softwood species is 1.48. This means that for every cubic foot of softwood timber harvested, 1.48 cubic feet are grown. The growth-to-removals ratio for hardwood species is 1.80. In 2000, the growth-to-removals ratio was 1.00 for softwoods and 1.47 for hardwoods.